Posts tagged ‘pagan’

May 2, 2016

Origins of the term ‘Easter’ are ANGLO-SAXON!!!

by eirenehogan

AAAGGGHHH!!!!  There are all these memes circulating the internet claiming the Ancient Near Eastern Goddess Ishtar is the origin of the name of Easter.

The theory seems to be based on the fact that the name sounds similar.  WHAT???  You can’t base etymology on that.  That is like saying, ‘the sun comes up every day, so, um, how does it get there?, well, it looks like someone must put it there, so, um, a god must put it there.’

Easter is NOT named after the Babylonian goddess Ishtar. Ishtar, as the great Goddess of Babylon, is an Akkadian name, and as such is SEMITIC.  The term ‘Easter’ is of Germanic origin.  It is an old Anglo-Saxon name.  And – despite some politicians foolishly believing English is derived from Latin (ie, Christopher Pain — oops I mean, Payne), Anglo-Saxon is a proud member of the Germanic language family.

Bede

The name is Easter is the English term for the Christian festival.  The Romans called it Pascha.  The Anglo-Saxons had a goddess named Eostre.  She was the goddess of spring and the month of the spring, most probably at the time of the spring equinox, was named after her, as was explained by Bede in his book ‘On the Reckoning of Time’.

That name, Eostre, has come down through Middle English and into Modern English, as ‘Easter’.

I would doubt very much that any Anglo-Saxons knew anything of Ishtar.

Jeez, do a bit of research!  In face, all you need to do is check Wikipedia. See the entry Names of Easter.


November 2, 2014

The origins of Halloween

by eirenehogan

No, Halloween is not an American Hollywood commercial con, it comes from ancient pagan religious traditions, and was taken on by the Christian church as ‘All Hallows Eve’ (or All Saints Eve) which means, of course, that the 1st of Nov is All Saints Day.  Funny that that day is not noticed much.  LOL.  It was known in the Celtic religion as Samhain.

It represents the end of summer and beginning of winter.  It is the Autumn equivalent of Easter, co-inciding – very roughly – with the Autumn equinox.  In the Celtic religion those times in the year (the equinoxes and solstices) were times when the door between our world and the world of the spirits is open, so ghosts and spirits and all sorts of magically beings can come into our world.  That happens at midnight.  It can happen in spring too (at our Easter).  But as Spring is a fun time with summer coming, then the spirits are seen as good and fun, but in Autumn they are seen as scary.

You can imagine in the old days pre-central heating, when the thought of winter coming would be scary, with the cold and the snow and the winds and the darkness, so the images of the scary ghosts and goblins makes sense. So, basically it’s the ancient version of “Winter is coming”!

I like that it is developing in Australia.  It is a fun thing for kids to do, not taken seriously.  For us it is the beginning of summer – and for the kids it heralds the end of the school year, the coming of Christmas and the beginning of the long summer holidays.

Halloween traditions in Ireland , from old Celtic religion

http://www.ireland-information.com/…/irishhalloweentraditio…

Irish Halloween Traditions
IRELAND-INFORMATION.COM
April 18, 2014

EASTER AND THE ANCIENT MYSTERY RELIGIONS

by eirenehogan

Great Eleusis ReliefMost ancient societies had a spring festival, to celebrate the ending of the cold winter and the beginning of the warmth again. With this warmth came the budding of new life, of plants, flowers, and often of the young of animals. In societies where food was dependent on an almost subsistence existence, ie, where your food depended on your own farm products, then spring was a very important time. Spring meant the growth of new food, both plant and animal. Without spring, all the food stores of winter would be very soon used up, and no more food would come. Without spring would be death.

In a pre scientific age, the most obvious explanation for the seasons were the whims of the gods. Something magic and other-world like would have to explain the seasons, what else would? The sun’s heat ranges from the heat of summer, then fades into the cold of winter. There would always be the fear that maybe one day the sun might not get hot again after winter, that it might continue to fade away and no warmth would return (“Winter is coming”).

Spring was seen as the rebirth of life, the rebirth of plants, and animals, and of the sun, and the very essence of life itself. In primitive societies, the rebirth was seen to be of the gods, or of a particular god or goddess who brought the rebirth of plants and animals with him/her. In ancient Egypt this god was Osiris and his associated Goddess, Isis. In ancient Greece the god Adonis was connected with it, as also was the Goddess Kore/Persephone, and the god Dionysus. In the ancient Near East there was the god Tammuz, who is mentioned in the Bible. These gods, by their discovery of rebirth, offered the secret of eternal life after death to humans. This could be gained by initiation ceremonies, which were often held in Spring, and involved a symbolic retelling of their myth of death and rebirth. The most famous one involved Persephone in the Eleusinian Mysteries of Athens.

When Christianity became the dominant religion in the Roman Empire the festival of the rebirth of Jesus Christ (Easter) took on many of the aspects of these mystery religions.

January 4, 2014

THE EGYPTIAN CALENDAR

by eirenehogan

I have noticed I have a couple of followers on this blog.  Wow, thanks for that.  I think therefore I should post some more.

I’ve been reading a lot on calendars over the Yule period, and it is very complicated.  I will attempt to post more on it as time goes on.  But anyway, for now is some more info on the Egyptian calendar.

 

Bede wrote a fascinating book on how the year and the months were calculated according the movement of the sun, the moon and the planets.  It is a collection of the knowledge of the ancients that he could get a hold of.  It is called The Reckoning of Time (or the Latin thereof).  In it he examines ancient calendars, the Roman calendar and the Anglo-Saxon calendar.  You can access it from Google Books, and I have linked the above title to that.

 

Below I have transcribed the Egyptian calendar as he recorded it.  The dates of the beginning are according to the Roman calendar, and therefore ours – well, taking into account how often that calendar was out.  The months did not begin exactly on those days but give or take a day or so according to how accurately both the Egyptian and the Roman calendar reflected the actual cycle of the sun at the time.

 

Interesting to note that they had leap years.  I don’t know what era this calendar belongs too.  To say something is ‘Ancient Egyptian’ allows for about 3000 years of time.  As Bede has access to the info I’d assume it comes from Greek/Roman writers who had access to such places as the Alexandrian Library. Now as the Roman calendar dates are given, I am assuming this calendar was in force during Roman times.  Yeah, more research needed here.

 

 

Months

 

Name of month

Date of Roman Calendar when month begins

Thoth 29 August
Phaophi 28 Sept
Hathyr 29 Oct
Choiac 27 Nov
Tybi 27 Dec
Mecheir 26 Jan
Phamenoth 25 Feb
Pharmouhti 27 Mar
Pachons 26 April
Payni 26 May
Epieph 25 June
Mesore 25 July
5 intercalated days / 6 every four years 24 Aug

 

From:

The Reckoning of Time, By Saint Bede (the Venerable).

Trans. Faith Wallis, 1999,

Liverpool University Press,

viewed from GOOGLE Books (viewed 3.1.14)

p. 45.

 

December 20, 2013

Why is Christmas on the 25th December?

by eirenehogan

1 – this is date of mid-winter by the Julian calendar, which was the calendar of the Roman Empire. 

 

2 – The date was in practise as the time of Christ’s birth by the 4th century AD.  There is a theory that an old Jewish tradition of the time believed that people died on the same date they were conceived.  [Huh! If such a belief did not belong to any of the Judeo-Christian-Islam tradition, it would be considered ‘superstition’].  Given that this Jesus character was supposedly killed in a crucifixion during the Jewish Passover, in 33 AD, which was in Spring, then the early Church Elders worked out that, if he had been conceived at that time, he would have been born in December.

 

It is convenient that Jesus died in Spring, a common time for the death of dying gods in ancient Mediterranean religions.  And it is equally convenient that his supposed birth occurred in mid-winter, another time of religious celebrations in ancient Mediterranean religions.

 

Jesus is just another in the long line of dying gods in the Mediterranean, popular with the Greeks.  They tended to be accompanied with ‘Mysteries’ which were secret ceremonies people were inducted into, which generally gave them a promise of eternal life.  Sound familiar?  Christianity was just another Mystery Cult.

 

December 20, 2013

The true meaning of 25th December

by eirenehogan

In late Roman times the 25th December was the festival of Dies Natalis Solis Invicti – the day of the symbolic rebirth of the Unconquerable Sun. He was worshipped in Roman times up to at least 387AD, and in parts up to at least the 5th century AD.

 

The day of his festival (25th December) is just after the winter solstice, the longest night of the year (which is the 22nd December).  His rebirth meant winter would end and the warmth of the sun would bring back life in the world.  If the sun never returned the world would die.

 

Such a rebirth can also be symbolic of the renewal of society and of the individual, who will resolve to live a better and more ethical life in the new year.

 

The emperor Constantine was a worshipper of Sol Invictus before he took up Christianity.

 

In Australia, of course, his day comes just after the Summer solstice – the longest day.  It seems fitting that Sol Invictus could be recognised here, when he is at his height of power in mid-summer.

 

Sol Invictus is the true meaning for the season.

 

Sol Invictus, is the unconquerable son sun.

His symbolic rebirth, the– was celebrated on 25th December.

 

December 2, 2013

Finding the Anglo-Saxon Pantheon

by eirenehogan

Fascinating addition to family history, it is quite exciting to be reading about the original gods of the English, because they are like ‘our’ gods, ‘my’ gods, the original gods of my ancestry.

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